Master of Engineering (Materials)
- CRICOS Code: 069275C
What will I study?
Semester 2, 2020 will be the last intake for this specialisation. Applications for 2021 will not be accepted.
The Master of Engineering (Materials) is a 2–3 year degree (full-time) degree depending on your prior study.
In your first year (or equivalent) you’ll complete foundation engineering subjects – tailored to students from a non-engineering background. If you’ve completed the Chemical Systems major in your bachelor’s degree, plus the required maths and science subjects, you’ll receive credit for these foundation engineering subjects and start in second year.
Second and third year
In the second and third year of the program (or equivalent), you’ll focus on your chosen engineering discipline. As a materials engineering student, you’ll focus on the processing-structure-property relationships of a range of materials. These include metals, polymers, ceramics, electronics and composites.
Learn the fundamental concepts of atomic bonding, atomic scale structure, phase equilibria and methods of characterisation. With this knowledge, you’ll become proficient in the skills needed to advance nanotechnology, energy materials and biomaterials.
Industry, research and design subjects
Creative Innovative Engineering subject
Work on a real-world innovation challenge with an industry mentor through our Creating Innovative Engineering subject.
Work on a dedicated materials engineering investigative project with an industry partner in Industry Project. Gain industry contacts and insights into the engineering process and apply critical analytical skills, experimental research, modelling and simulation to generate real-world results.
Individual and industry partnership research
Conduct research alongside our world-leading biomedical engineering researchers in our Materials Engineering Capstone Subject. Work on an industry partnered project, or pursue your own exploratory research. You’ll have the opportunity to present the findings to the public at our annual engineering showcase, the Endeavour Engineering and IT Exhibition.
Sample course plan
View some sample course plans to help you select subjects that will meet the requirements for this degree.
- Semester 1 50 pts
- Semester 2 50 pts
materials elective a or b
- Semester 1 50 pts
- Semester 2 50 pts
- Semester 1 50 pts
- Semester 2 50 pts
Unless indicated, electives can be from group A or B. CHEN90028 may be replaced with a minor thesis or 2 x electives from group B.
- Semester 2 50 pts
- Semester 1 50 pts
- Semester 2 50 pts
- Semester 1 50 pts
- Semester 2 50 pts
- Semester 1 50 pts
materials elective b
materials elective b
Explore this course
Explore the subjects you could choose as part of this degree.
Students must complete the following subjects (200 points):
- Economic Analysis for Engineers 12.5 pts
This subject seeks to -
- Build a thorough understanding of the theoretical and conceptual basis upon which the practice of financial project analysis is built and its application to engineering
- Satisfy the practical needs of the engineering manager toward making informed financial decisions when involved in an engineering project
- Incorporate critical decision-making tools that engineering managers can bring to the task of making informed financial decisions.
- Engineering Materials 12.5 pts
The subject aims to provide knowledge about construction materials, their properties, manufacturing processes and key issues associated with their applications in structural engineering. The subject also introduces the relationships between the structure of a material and its properties.
This subject must be taken early in the progression of training to be an engineer as it is a prerequisite of structural design subjects, and contributes valuable insights into the role of materials in other disciplines of engineering such as geotechnical engineering. It partners with ENGR20004 Engineering Mechanics to build a student's understanding of the way objects behave when load or deformations are applied to them.
The subject is divided into three components: materials science; construction materials; and, mechanics of materials. In the material science component; basic concepts on inter-atomic bonding, microstructure of solids and generic material properties related to density, deformation, yield, ductility, fracture, toughness, susceptibility to corrosion and fatigue are introduced. In the construction materials component; the engineering applications of structural and light-gauge steel, concrete, masonry, timber, glass, fibre-glass and composites are covered. In the mechanics component; the basic concepts of stress-strain compatibility, composite actions, the concept of shear stress flow, basic two-dimensional stress analysis, strength and ductility and arching actions are covered.
- Engineering Mathematics 12.5 pts
This subject introduces important mathematical methods required in engineering such as manipulating vector differential operators, computing multiple integrals and using integral theorems. A range of ordinary and partial differential equations are solved by a variety of methods and their solution behaviour is interpreted. The subject also introduces sequences and series including the concepts of convergence and divergence.
Topics include: Vector calculus, including Gauss’ and Stokes’ Theorems; sequences and series; Fourier series, Laplace transforms; systems of homogeneous ordinary differential equations, including phase plane and linearization for nonlinear systems; second order partial differential equations and separation of variables.
- Mechanics & Materials 12.5 pts
This subject consists of three distinct and fundamentally related topics -
- An introduction to the fundamentals of materials science will be given on atomic structure and bonding, crystal structures and defects, elastic and plastic deformation, dislocations and strengthening and failured (fast fracture, fatigue and creep)
- The mechanics of materials section will extend the concepts of material mechanical behaviour by detailing elastic/inelastic behaviour and introducing the concepts of stress and strain analysis. Topics covered may include the definition of principal stresses, plane stress, plane strain, two-dimensional stress and strain analysis, torsion, pure bending, transverse loading, Mohr’s circle, failure criteria, inelastic behaviour, residual stress
- This subject will also provide an introduction to finite element analysis (FEA) and its application for stress-strain analysis. Particular emphasis will be placed on the fundamental mechanisms by which materials fail under loading.
- Mechanics: the definition of principal stresses, plane stress, plane strain, two-dimensional stress and strain analysis, torsion, pure bending, transverse loading, Mohr’s circle, failure criteria, inelastic behaviour, residual stress.
- Materials: atomic structure and bonding, crystal structures and defects, elastic and plastic deformation, dislocations and strengthening and failure (fast fracture, fatigue and creep).
- Finite element analysis (FEA): FEA procedure, application of FEA to discrete systems and continuous bodies.
- Materials 12.5 pts
This subject introduces the concept of microstructure and explores its relationship with processing and properties in the context of basic types of engineering materials and their applications. Topics covered include: diffusion, phase equilibrium and diagrams, phase transformation, metallic alloys, ceramics, polymers, composites, surface and other selected non-mechanical properties.
Diffusion, phase equilibrium and diagrams, phase transformation, metallic alloys, ceramics, polymers, composites, surface and other selected non-mechanical properties.
- Additive Manufacturing of Metals 12.5 pts
The subject has two major objectives, which are delivered in two parts of the subject. In the first part, the subject focuses on the understanding of the microstructures and mechanical properties of selected engineering alloys. Where applicable, case studies in industrial applications and state of the arts research will be incorporated in the delivery of the subject to enhance learning. The mode of delivery in this subject will include both conventional lectures as well as the critical appraisal of the research literature.
The second part of the subject focuses more specifically on the additive manufacturing process of metals. The subject will explore the general case principles of the additive manufacturing of metals and the various processes involved. Similarly, the material will be delivered through lectures and the critical appraisal of technical and scientific papers.
The selected advanced alloys may include but not limited to light alloys, ferrous alloys, superalloys, intermetallic alloys, ultrafine and nano structured alloys, amorphous alloys and metal matrix composites.
- Advanced Materials 12.5 pts
Students will learn about the mechanical behaviour and structure of materials, from the continuum modelling of properties to the microscopic origin of the behaviour with reference to available and appropriate multiscale modelling techniques.
The subject will cover the microstructure‐property relation in elastic and plastic deformation, timedependent deformation (creep)
and failure in materials with emphasis on engineering materials. The diverse mechanical behaviour will be discussed for different
materials classes, including metals, functional materials, architectured materials, composites and polymers.
- Polymers and Composites 12.5 pts
Students are introduced to Polymer Chemistry. The influence of chemical constituents on structure–property relationships is explained. Polymerisation reactions including free radical and ion are covered including initiation, step and chain growth and termination steps. The physical properties of polymers including MW and how to measure it with viscosity and GPC are described. Chemical characterisation including spectroscopy and NMR is elucidated. Polymer properties such as Tg, Tm and viscoelasticityare are described. The influence of polymer architecture including co-polymers and crystalline domains is discussed. Students are also introduced to other topics covering elastomers and rubbers. Description of polymers in solution including solubility parameter and chi are presented. The role of chain entanglement in polymer melts on viscoelasticity is described. Polymers as solids particularly mechanical behaviour is covered including thermoplastic and thermoset polymers. Polymer processing including injection moulding, compression moulding, blowing, extrusion, fibre and film formation is discussed. Students will be introduced to composites including all material classes. Particular detailed focus is on polymer matrix composites including particle and fibre reinforced materials. Mechanical properties of composites including, elastic modulus, strength and toughening mechanisms are covered.
- Advanced Concepts in Metals 12.5 pts
Students will develop an understanding of phase equilibria and transformations. Fundamental concepts in crystallography will be covered. Materials characterisation including phase analysis such as XRD and microstructure analysis including electron microscopy will be described. Students will be introduced to topics covering the mechanisms of corrosion and approaches to prevent it. Discussions on materials processing including casting, forging, extrusion, and heat treatment will be covered. Fabrication technologies including joining, welding, machining and additive manufacturing are described. Materials modelling including Integrated Computational Materials Engineering will be taught. Finally, students will be introduced to materials selection, design and safety.
- Electronic and Magnetic Materials 12.5 pts
This subject equips students to solve challenges associated with electronic, magnetic and optical aspects of materials. Students will receive an introduction to quantum mechanics, wave physics, wave functions, Planck’s constant and waves in periodic potentials. Schrodinger’s wave equation is discussed. Fundamental concepts such as band gap, band diagrams, carrier concentration, Fermi level, density of states, are covered. The mechanisms for electrical conductivity in metals, ceramics and polymers are explained. Students learn about intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, electrons, holes, p-type n-type, dopants, p-n junctions, rectifiers, transistors and integrated circuits. Applications of electronic materials as in computers, LEDs, solar energy harvesting are highlighted. Dielectric and magnetic behaviour of materials including diamagnetic, paramagnetic and ferromagnetic behaviour is described including B-H loops, remnant magnetisation and coercive force. Topics also include optical properties of materials and eelectroactive materials, meta materials and 2D materials.
- Ceramics and Brittle Materials 12.5 pts
Students are introduced to ceramics in structural, electronic, magnetic and functional applications. Students are introduced to crystal structures of ceramics, including defects such as vacancies and interstitials. The attributes and features of different classes of ceramics including clays and porcelains, oxides and mixed oxides, carbides, nitrides, borides are presented as well as the attributes and features of glasses, cements and zeolites. The role of flaws in ceramics and brittle materials mechanical behaviour including Weibull statistics and processing defects is explained. Current and developing processing techniques for ceramics including dry pressing, colloidal (wet) powder processing and drying are taught. The science and technology of controlling suspension behaviour such as rheology and particle packing is covered. Sintering, densification and grain growth mechanisms are elucidated. The typical properties of ceramics are presented and explanation is given as to why ceramics have such properties, including, melting temperatures, stiffness, strength, toughness, electrical and magnetic properties and thermal behaviour. How thermal stresses develop is described and why these are important in ceramics is explained. The students are introduced to brittle fracture including Griffith’s approach as well as toughening mechanisms including phase transformation and interlocking grains.
- Materials Engineering Research Project 25 pts
Students will undertake as individuals, or as a member of a group, a designated investigative project which could involve a critical literature review, experimental research and/or development, theoretical modelling, process simulation and/or the solution of an industrial problem. Rigorous planning and scheduling of the project, time management, written and verbal technical communication, interpretation of results and team work will be required. Lectures will be presented on laboratory safety, and the use of statistical methods for experimental data analysis. Engineering graduates need the ability to research topics and to perform structured investigations. This research project subject provides students with an opportunity to develop these skills and to develop an appreciation of the importance of lifelong learning. The exact content covered in the subject will depend to some extent on the nature of the research project. Topics covered will include literature searches, laboratory safety, risk assessment, data modelling, data analysis, error analysis and report writing.
Choose one of the following 12.5 point subjects:
- Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics 12.5 pts
This course is an introduction to basic principles of fluid mechanics and thermodynamics. These two subjects are introduced together in a single course, reflecting the large degree of cross-over in applications and basic first principles between the two subjects.
Fluid mechanics is a very important core subject, influencing a diverse range of engineering systems (aircraft, ships, road vehicle design, air conditioning, energy conversion, wind turbines, hydroelectric schemes to name but a few) and also impacts on many biological (blood flow, bird flight etc) and even meteorological studies. As engineers, we are typically concerned with predicting the force required to move a body through a fluid, or the power required to pump fluid through a system. However, before we can achieve this goal, we must start from fundamental principles governing fluid flow.
Thermodynamics could be defined as the science of energy. This subject can be broadly interpreted to include all aspects of energy and energy transformations. Like fluid mechanics, this is a hugely important subject in engineering, underpinning many key engineering systems including power generation, engines, gas turbines, refrigeration, heating etc. This unit again starts from first principles to introduce the basic concepts of thermodynamics, paving the way for later more advanced units
This course aims to develop a fundamental understanding of thermodynamics and fluid mechanics, based on first principles and physical arguments. Real world engineering examples will be used to illustrate and develop an intuitive understanding of these subjects.
Fluid Mechanics - fluid statics, static forces on submerged structures, stability of floating bodies; solid body motion; fluid dynamics; streamlines; pathlines and streaklines; conservation of mass, momentum and energy; Euler's equation and Bernoulli's equation; control volume analysis; dimensional analysis; incompressible flow in pipes and ducts; boundary layers; flow around immersed bodies; and drag and lift.
Thermodynamics - heat and work, ideal non-flow and flow processes; laws of thermodynamics; Carnot's principle; Clausius inequality; direct and reversed heat engines; thermal efficiencies; properties of pure substances; change of phase; representation of properties; steam and air tables; and vapour equation of state, ideal gases.
- Fluid Mechanics 12.5 pts
This subject is integral to the understanding of fluid physics from a theoretical and real-world application basis. This is examined in the discussion of pipe flow, pumps, mixing tanks, momentum balances and related concepts. Pipe flow material includes fluid statics, manometry, the derivation of the continuity equation, mechanical energy balances, friction losses in a straight pipe, Newton’s law of viscosity, pipe roughness, valves and fittings, simple pipe network problems, principles of open channel flow, compressible flow, pressure waves, isothermal and adiabatic flow equations in a pipe, and choked flow. Pump material includes centrifugal pumps, derivation of theoretical head, head losses leading to the actual pump head curve, calculating system head, determining the operating point of a pumping system, throttling for flow control, cavitation and net positive suction head (NPSH), introduction to positive displacement pumps, affinity laws and pump scale-up. Mixing tank material includes stirred tanks, radial, axial and tangential flow, agitator types, vortex elimination, the standard tank configuration, power number and power curve, dynamic and geometric similarity in scale-up. Momentum balance material includes examination of Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids, Multi-dimensional fluid flow-momentum flux, development of multi-dimensional equations of continuity and for momentum transfer, Navier-Stokes equations, application to tube flow, Couette flow and Stokes flow. We will visit computational fluid dynamics and real-world applications for fluid mechanics concepts.
Choose one of the following 12.5 point subjects:
- Transport Processes 12.5 pts
This subject covers fundamental concepts of diffusion and conservation within momentum, heat and mass transport. Use of these concepts is integral to the profession of Chemical Engineering. For example, heat exchangers are used throughout Chemical Engineering processes to transfer thermal energy from one stream to another. Knowledge of heat transport and momentum transport (ie fluid flow) is required to design key pieces of Chemical Engineering process equipment, including heat exchangers and distillation columns. Similarly, knowledge of mass transport is required to design other key Chemical Engineering processes, including membrane filtration units and other separation processes.
The specific technical material covered in the course is as follows: Within momentum transport specific topics include Newton’s law of viscosity, viscosity of gases and liquids, conservation of momentum, velocity distributions in simple laminar flows, boundary layer concepts, turbulence and the Reynolds number. Within heat transport specific topics include Fourier’s law of conduction, thermal conductivities of gases, liquids and solids, conservation of thermal energy, steady-state temperature distributions in simple geometries, heat transfer resistance, thermal boundary layer concepts, the Nusselt and Prandtl numbers, definition and use of heat transfer coefficients, and analysis of simple heat exchangers. Within mass transport specific topics include Fick’s first law of diffusion, diffusivities of gases, liquids and solids, binary mixture diffusion and conservation of mass, concentration distributions in simple binary systems (including identifying appropriate boundary conditions), concentration boundary layer concepts, Schmidt and Sherwood numbers, and definition and use of mass transfer coefficients.
- Biotransport Processes 12.5 pts
This subject introduces transport processes in biomedical systems, complementing and reinforcing material learned in related biology subjects. Students will be introduced to the process of developing engineering models and simple conceptual designs in the context of biological systems. The subject covers fundamental concepts of diffusion and conservation within momentum, heat and mass transport. Within momentum transport, specific topics include Newton’s law of viscosity, viscosity of gases and liquids, conservation of momentum, velocity distributions in simple laminar flows, boundary layer concepts and turbulence and the Reynolds number. Within heat transport, Fourier’s law of conduction is covered. Within mass transport, specific topics include Fick’s first and second laws of diffusion, diffusivities of gases, liquids and solids, binary mixture diffusion and conservation of mass, concentration distributions in simple binary systems including identifying appropriate boundary conditions, concentration boundary layer concepts, Schmidt and Sherwood numbers, definition and use of mass transfer coefficients.
Students will examine transport of molecules and cells in biological systems to describe various key processes, such as cell migration and provision of cell nutrition. The role of transport processes in biological systems and employed in clinical applications, such as dialysis, will be described using simple engineering models.
Topics covered include momentum transport, viscosity, turbulence, heat transport, mass transport, diffusion in binary systems, unsteady state mass transfer, and modelling biological transport processes.
Choose one of the following 12.5 point subjects:
- Critical Communication for Engineers 12.5 pts
Critical Communication for Engineers (CCE) addresses the skills vital for professional success. Problem analysis skills and being able to present solutions effectively to your engineering peers, leaders and the broader community are a powerful combination. These are the focus of CCE.
They are challenging skills to learn—and you will likely work to improve them throughout your career. Effective communication is not merely about how to write a report or to give a formal presentation. Developing a strong argument—having something insightful to communicate—is essential for capturing the attention of an audience. This requires developing good interpersonal skills for gathering information and testing ideas.
The subject is divided into four ‘topics’ presented in sequence through the semester. Each topic is self-contained and dedicated to a different engineering issue. There is an assessment for each topic, meaning that you will be able to apply what you have learned from one topic to the following topics. This way, you will have a lot of opportunities to practise and develop your analytical and communication skills.
- Creating Innovative Engineering 12.5 pts
The aim of this subject is to give participants both practical experience in, and theoretical insights into, elements of engineering innovation.
The subject is intense, challenging, experiential and requires significant self-direction. Participants will work on an innovation project sponsored by a local organisation.
A key theme is that the individual cannot be separated from the technical processes of engineering innovation. The impact of both individual and team contributions to the engineering and innovation processes will be examined in the context of real world challenges.
Creating Innovative Engineering (CIE) and its companion subject, Creating Innovative Professionals ENGR90039 (CIP), are delivered by the University's Innovation Practice Program. To learn more about the Program, including the range of organizations that have participated as sponsors, examples of past projects and to hear students talk about their experiences in taking CIE/CIP, please go to the Innovation Practice Program’s website.
All project sponsors will require that students maintain the confidentiality of their proprietary information. Some project sponsors will require students to assign any Intellectual Property created (other than Copyright in their Assessment Materials) to the University. The projects may vary in the hours needed for a successful outcome.
- Creating Innovative Professionals 12.5 pts
This subject aims to give participants theoretical frameworks, practical insights, and preliminary skills to work in their chosen profession in contexts where determining what problem to work on is an important complement to knowing how to solve that problem.
Participants will develop these understandings, insights and skills by working in teams on a strategically-important innovation challenge sponsored by an industry organisation. This subject is similar to Creating Innovative Engineering (ENGR90034), but is designed for students seeking a multi-disciplinary learning experience.
Participants will learn theories of human-centred innovation and apply them in their project. They will learn how to work in teams and use those skills to deliver the project. They will learn to conceptualise their career as an innovation project, and how to apply the innovation skills and theories presented in the subject to their own careers.
The subject is challenging, experiential and requires significant self-direction.
Creating Innovative Professionals (CIP) and its companion subject, Creating Innovative Engineering ENGR90034 (CIE), are delivered by the University's Innovation Practice Program. To learn more about the Program, including the range of organizations that have participated as sponsors, examples of past projects and to hear students talk about their experiences in taking CIE/CIP, please go to the Innovation Practice Program’s website.
All project sponsors will require students to maintain the confidentiality of their proprietary information. The University will require all students (except those working on projects sponsored by the University itself) to assign any Intellectual Property they create (other than Copyright in their Assessment Materials) to the sponsor of their project.
Materials Electives A
Select a maximum of three subjects (37.5 points):
- Biomechanical Physics & Computation 12.5 pts
This subject aims to introduce students to the use of computational modelling to apply biomechanical physics to problems in bioengineering research and industry. The course introduces students to important fundamentals of software programming (through the use of MATLAB) and numerical techniques to solving biomechanics equations. The course will introduce students to relevant applications in human movement, soft-tissue mechanics and cellular mechanobiology.
- Kinematics – displacement/velocity/acceleration relationships; speed vs velocity; linear and angular velocity.
- Forces, moments, free body diagrams, normal/shear stress and strain.
- Mechanics of materials – stress/strain relations, Young’s modulus, Poisson’s ratio.
- Newton’s laws.
- Deriving ODEs to solve simple dynamics problems – mass and spring; pendulum swing; projectile motion.
- Data structures/types in programs – variables, numbers, characters, arrays, strings, floating point, single and double precision (pointers).
- Writing programs – main program, functions, scope of variables in programs (whole-program vs function-specific variables).
- Control structures – if/else, for loops, while loops, do until loops.
- Numerical methods for solving linear ODEs.
- Approximation and errors in numerical computation.
- Introduction to Biomechanics 12.5 pts
The main aim of this course is to introduce students to the basic concepts of the kinematics and dynamics of human motion and the architectural features and mechanical properties of musculoskeletal tissue. Tissue function is then illustrated in the context of normal and pathological movement.
Specific topics covered include: Motion of a Rigid Body (reference frames, angular velocity, two points fixed on a rigid body); Measurement and Processing of Kinematic Data; Body Anthropometry (calculation of centre of mass and mass moment of inertia); Forces and Moments (moments of force, muscle moment arm, inverse dynamics analysis); Work, Energy, Power (kinetic energy, potential energy, elastic strain energy); Tissue Biomechanics (muscle, tendon, ligament, cartilage and bone); Orthopaedic Biomechanics: biomechanics of gait across the lifespan, biomechanical adaptations to training, knee osteoarthritis).
- Chemistry: Reactions and Synthesis 12.5 pts
This subject covers key concepts associated with the synthesis and design of organic and inorganic molecules, molecular architecture and the energy transformations associated with chemical and physical processes. Topics covered include synthesis of simple polyfunctional organic compounds, thermodynamically controlled reactions of s-, p- and d- block elements and thermodynamics. In the last three weeks of the subject students will be able to choose between lecture modules with a focus on introductory materials chemistry or biological chemistry. These topics have applications in drug discovery, chemical industry, nanotechnology, and energy harnessing through conventional and alternative energy sources.
- Chemistry: Structure and Properties 12.5 pts
This subject covers key concepts related to the stereochemical and electronic properties of molecules and the methods central to their study. Important elements of the subject include the spectroscopic characterisation and quantification of materials by a range of spectroscopic techniques, molecular orbital techniques and the application of approaches based on molecular symmetry and group theory to the understanding of molecular properties, stereo-selective reactions, bonding and spectroscopy. These topics have applications to advanced materials, light emitting polymers, chemical analysis and catalysis in biological and industrial systems.
- Material and Energy Balances 12.5 pts
This subject introduces chemical engineering flow sheet calculations, including material balances, energy balances and compositions of mixtures. The concept of conversion of mass is developed as the basis for determining mass flows in chemical processing systems involving chemical reactions and separation systems. Then the concept of conservation of energy is developed as the basis for determining energy flows in and around chemical processing systems, evaluation of enthalpy changes with and without phase change, simplified energy balances for batch, steady-state and adiabatic systems, estimation of heats of reaction, combustion, solution and dilution, energy balances in reacting systems, simultaneous material and energy balances.
This subject provides the basis for all the chemical engineering subjects that follow. The calculations introduced in this subject are the most common type of calculations performed by professional chemical engineers working in all sectors of industry.
The teaching of process safety is critical to any undergraduate chemical engineering program. Students need to understand their responsibilities to themselves, their work colleagues and the wider community. They need to be aware of safe practices and also the consequences that may arise when those safe practices are not followed. This subject introduces students to concepts of process safety and the consequences when safety management systems fail.
Topics covered include material balances around single process units and groups of units, involving simple systems and recycle streams, and non-reacting and reacting systems. Total, component, and elemental balances are covered. Other topics include systems of units and unit conversion, and compositions of mixtures.
Energy balances: The concepts of energy, work and heat, the units of energy, internal energy, enthalpy, heat capacity, latent heat, evaluation of enthalpy changes. The general energy balance equation, enthalpy balances, system boundaries. Enthalpies of pure components and selection of enthalpy data conditions.
Energy balances and chemical reactions: Heat of reaction, definitions of standard heat of reaction, standard heat of formation, standard heat of combustion. Hess' Law of adding stoichiometric equations. Adiabatic reaction temperature. Heats of solutions and dilution, and use of enthalpy-concentration charts. Simultaneous material and energy balances.
Safety case studies, safe practices, personal and process safety.
- Reactor Engineering 12.5 pts
This subject introduces students to aspects of reactor system design. Chemical reactors are at the heart of any major chemical process design. Chemical reaction engineering is concerned with the exploitation of chemical reactions on a commercial scale. Chemical reaction engineering aims at studying and optimizing chemical reactions in order to define the best reactor design. Hence, the interactions of flow phenomena, mass transfer, heat transfer, and reaction kinetics are of prime importance in order to relate reactor performance to feed composition and operating conditions.
This subject is one of the key parts of the chemical and biochemical engineering curriculum upon which a lot of later year material is built.
- Overview of design of single ideal reactors
- Multiple reactor systems
- Other design reactors (recycle reactors and temperature effects)
- Basics of non-ideal flow
- Models for reactors
- Conversion in Non-ideal Systems
- Rate controlling mechanisms
- Kinetic regimes for fluid-fluid and gas-fluid reactions
- Catalytic reactor systems
- Engineering Computation 12.5 pts
Many engineering disciplines make use of numerical solutions to computational problems. In this subject students will be introduced to the key elements of programming in a high level language, and will then use that skill to explore methods for solving numerical problems in a range of discipline areas.
- Algorithmic problem solving
- Fundamental data types: numbers and characters
- Approximation and errors in numerical computation
- Fundamental program structures: sequencing, selection, repetition, functions
- Simple data storage structures, variables, arrays, and structures
- Roots of equations and of linear algebraic equations
- Curve fitting and splines
- Interpolation and extrapolation
- Numerical differentiation and integration.
- Structural Theory and Design 12.5 pts
This subject introduces the basic methods of structural analysis and the design of simple structures which are built of reinforced concrete, steel, timber and masonry. A feature of this subject is the integration of the design and analytical skills in dealing with contemporary structures that have an effective blending of materials for achieving satisfactory performance and economy in construction.
This subject consolidates basic structural theory and design abilities that underpin further specialised studies in structural design in engineering masters programs. It also gives students some basic capabilities to seek work experience in the engineering profession.
Topics covered include: stress analysis in beams, deflection calculations using direct integration and virtual work methods, structural analyses of beams and frames by the force method, structural design of reinforced concrete beams and columns, structural design of steel beams, columns and ties, design of timber joists and masonry squat walls.
- Foundations of Electrical Networks 12.5 pts
Foundations of Electrical Networks develops an understanding of fundamental modelling techniques for the analysis of systems that involve electrical phenomena. This includes networks models of “flow-drop” one-port elements in steady state (DC and AC), electrical power systems, simple RC and RL transient analysis, and networks involving ideal and non-ideal operational amplifiers.
It forms the foundation of many engineering subjects exploring fundamental concepts in electrical and electronic engineering.
The subject will cover key electrical engineering topics in the areas of:
Electrical phenomena – charge, current, electrical potential, conservation of energy and charge, the generation, storage, transport and dissipation of electrical power.
Network models – networks of “flow-drop” one-port elements, Kirchoff’s laws, standard current-voltage models for one-ports (independent sources, resistors, capacitors, inductors, transducers, diodes), analysis of static networks, properties of linear time-invariant (LTI) one-ports and impedance functions, diodes, transformers, steady-state (DC and AC) analysis of LTI networks via mesh and node techniques, equivalent circuits, and transient analysis of simple circuits;
Electrical power systems – overview of power generation and transmission, analysis of single-phase and balanced three-phase AC power systems.
Analysis and design of networks involving ideal and non-ideal operational amplifiers.
This material will be complemented by exposure to software tools for the simulation of electrical and electronic systems and the opportunity to develop basic electrical engineering laboratory skills using a prototyping breadboard, digital multimeter, function generator, DC power supply, and oscilloscope.
- Engineering Mechanics 12.5 pts
The aim of this subject is to provide an introduction to modelling the stresses and deformations that occur when axial, torsional and flexural loads are applied to a body in static equilibrium, as well as the translational and rotational motions that eventuate in a body subject to different load applications. This material will be complemented with laboratory and project based approaches to learning.
The subject provides the basis for all the mechanical engineering subjects that follow. The calculations introduced in this subject are the most common type of calculations performed by professional mechanical engineers in all sectors of the industry.
Topics to be covered include free-body diagrams; equilibrium; force systems; stresses and strains; coordinate systems; statically indeterminate systems; flexure; bending under combine loads; torsion; power transmission; kinematics; relative motion; particle kinetics; impulse and momentum; vibration; rigid body motion; angular impulse and momentum; work and energy.
- Numerical Programming for Engineers 12.5 pts
The aim of this subject is to equip students with computational tools for solving common physical engineering problems. The focus of the lectures is on archetypical physical engineering problems and their solutions via the effective implementation of classical algorithms.
Indicative content: asymptotic notation, abstract data structures, sorting and searching, numerical integration of ordinary differential equations and two-point boundary value problems, numerical stability and convergence.
- Mechanical Design 12.5 pts
Topics covered include: general approach to design problems; invention, analysis, decision making; terminologies such as ‘goal’, ‘objectives’, ‘criteria’ and ‘constraints’; strategies for synthesis and decision making; technical, ergonomic and economic factors; appraisal of benefit and cost; fault and failure analysis; probability, uncertainty, and assessment of risk; and interfacing geometric and mathematical models, sensitivity analyses, combinatorial search, structured approaches to material selection; failure modes for engineering systems, failure predictors for engineering components under multi-axial stress conditions; rational assessment of safety factors and maximum credible accident; integrity of structures and machines, design against failure; modelling of complex load-bearing systems in terms of simple engineering components; design of elements of structures and machines from first principles; and approaches to uncertainty in design problems, including those related to the environment.
Introduction to strategies for creative idea generation in engineering design -
- The design process – specifying problems and generating solutions
- Making decisions – decision-making strategies, cost benefit analysis, economic and human factors
- Fault / failure analysis.
Introduction to engineering graphical communication -
- Orthographic (multiview), layout, assembly and detailed drawings
Introduction to structural integrity in engineering design -
- Structural integrity and the nature of failure
- Structural distillation – decomposition of structural systems into elementary engineering components
- Estimation, units and calculation
- Failure predictors and factors of safety
- Fatigue – What is fatigue? Time-varying stresses, fatigue strength, design against failure. S-N diagram, A-M diagram. Shafts as an example of fatigue-based structural integrity design.
- Systems Modelling and Analysis 12.5 pts
This subject will cover the modelling of a range of physical systems across multiple domains as ordinary differential equations, and then introduce the mathematical techniques to analyse their open loop behaviour.
- Development of low order models of a range of electrical, thermal, mechanical, pneumatic and hydraulic dynamic systems
- Different representations of these systems (time and, frequency domains) and transformations between them (Laplace, Fourier and Z-transforms)
- Representations of systems – transfer functions, Bode plots, state space, block diagrams, etc
- Identification of linear time invariant systems (least squares identification)
- Relation to time domain properties of open loop responses – stability, oscillations, etc.
MATLAB will be used throughout the course to complement the presented concepts.
- Quantum and Thermal Physics 12.5 pts
This subject surveys the foundations of Thermal Physics and Classical Mechanics and develops the fundamental principles of Quantum Mechanics. Topics in Thermal Physics include the kinetic theory of gases, the classical laws of thermodynamics, temperature, work, heat, chemical thermodynamics and chemical potential, heat engines, refrigerators, Gibbs and Helmholtz free energies and phase changes. Topics in Classical Mechanics include a review of Newton’s Laws, the Principle of Least Action, Lagrange’s equations, Hamilton’s equations and the Legendre transform. These principles will be illustrated by application to the simple harmonic oscillator. Topics in Quantum Physics include the inadequacies of Classical Physics, matter waves and quantum behaviour, one-dimensional quantum systems, expectation values, observables, operators, quantum tunnelling, and the quantization of three-dimensional systems.
- Theoretical Physics 2 12.5 pts
Fourier series and Fourier transforms are introduced as a means of representing and analysing functions of physical significance. The mathematical principles of Fourier theory are developed within the physical context of Fourier optics, diffraction theory, quantum mechanics and signal processing.
The formulation of Classical Newtonian and Lagrangian mechanics is then discussed in the context of the symmetries of nature, conservation laws, Hamilton's equations and integration of the equations of motion. These principles are applied to the description of physical and mechanical systems and includes a detailed discussion of rotational and oscillatory motion, mechanical stability, collisions, scattering, diffusion and continuum mechanics.
The emphasis in this subject will be to the development of techniques for solving problems involving a wide range of physical systems, including the formulation of appropriate mathematical and computational models and the identification of approximate solutions and limiting cases. Particular emphasis will be placed on the development of techniques that have wide applicability. Illustrative examples of these underlying principles will be drawn from classical and quantum mechanics, electromagnetism and optics, electronics, geophysics, astrophysics, physical chemistry and physical biosciences.
- Quantum Systems 12.5 pts
Quantum mechanics governs the structure of atomic, molecular and condensed matter state systems, the nature of light and charge, and the interactions between these systems. Whereas earlier subjects detailed the principles and foundations of quantum mechanics, this subject details properties of real systems and discusses applications of this fundamental field of enquiry. The necessary use of quantum ideas in developing an understanding of the structure of matter is emphasised.
Topics covered include:
- the one-electron approximation, diatomic molecules
- basic crystal structures and bonding, reciprocal lattices
- periodic systems, phonons, free-electron model, band structure, insulators, conductors and semi-conductors
- the variational method, helium atom, basic density functional theory
Materials Electives B
Select 5–8 subjects (62.5–100 points):
- Tissue Engineering & Stem Cells 12.5 pts
Students studying Tissue Engineering and Stem Cells will become familiar with the history, scope and potential of tissue engineering, and the potential role of stem cells in this field. This subject will address the use of biomaterials in tissue engineering; major scaffold materials and fabrication methods, scaffold strength and degradation; cell sources, selection, challenges and potential manipulation; cell-surface interactions, biocompatibility and the foreign body reaction; the role and delivery of growth factors for tissue engineering applications; in vitro and in vivo tissue engineering strategies, challenges, cell culture, scale-up issues and transport modelling; ethical and regulatory issues; clinical applications of tissue engineering, such as bone regeneration, breast reconstruction, cardiac and corneal tissue engineering, and organogenesis (e.g. pancreas).
This subject provides students with exposure to and understanding of a range of new and emerging applications of biomedical engineering. It includes research-led learning with opportunities to interact with experts and active researchers in the fields of stem cells and tissue engineering. The subject covers aspects of biology, materials engineering and process engineering which underpin tissue engineering and provides examples of the applications of this evolving area of technology.
Topics covered include tissue organization & tissue dynamics, stem cells, cellular fate processes & signalling, the ECM as scaffold material, natural and synthetic polymers for tissue engineering, bioceramics, scaffold design and fabrication, tailoring biomaterials, cell culture and cell nutrition, bioreactors for tissue engineering, risk management in tissue engineering, ethics in tissue engineering.
- Soft Matter Engineering 12.5 pts
Introduction to soft condensed matter: a range of applications and products including foods, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, ceramics, suspensions, minerals and detergents. The course covers the fundamental structure-function and material properties of these complex systems.
The colloidal domain: brownian motion and the Stokes-Einstein equation. Suspension viscosity.
Interparticle forces: dispersion forces, electrostatic forces (Poisson-Boltzmann), double layer theory and solvation forces. The role of surface forces in colloidal stability. Electrokinetic characterization of nano-particles and the relationship to colloidal stability and suspension rheology. Suspension rheology, measurement, viscoelasticity and the colloidal state. Polymer physics. Polymers as random walks, ideal and real chains scaling concepts and the size of the random walk. Entropy and Elasticity, the Hookean spring. Viscoelastic behaviour of polymer solutions and melts. Gels, sols and gelation including the concept of percolation. The theory of rubber elasticity. Adsorption of polymers to surfaces. Surfactants and self assembly. Micelles, vesicles and hexagonal phases. Aggregation numbers and packing parameters. Lipid bilayers. A review of several papers in biotechnology and nanotechnology.
- Biomaterials 12.5 pts
This course is designed to enable students to apply the fundamental principles in material sciences to biomedical applications. It will address different materials (polymers, metals, ceramics and composites) used in contact with living tissue. In addition, students will be introduced to biological materials like bone, muscles, skin and vasculature.
A main focus in this subject is to examine the application of materials in the physiological environment. Topics will include host reaction, testing and degradation of biomaterials in biological environment (e.g. blood – material interaction). Finally, students will be introduced to the regulatory, ethical and legal aspects of fielding biomaterials.
This subject has been integrated with the Skills Towards Employment Program (STEP) and contains activities that can assist in the completion of the Engineering Practice Hurdle (EPH).
- Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics 12.5 pts
This subject comprehensively covers the thermodynamics of chemical and physical systems of relevance to chemical engineers.
The laws of thermodynamics, which govern energy and the direction of energy flow, are amongst the most important fundamentals of chemical engineering that students learn during their course. This subject revises and expands the students’ understanding of the 1st and 2nd laws of thermodynamics, from both classical and statistical perspectives. Students learn about the concepts of entropy and equilibrium in detail, which form the basis for the topics of phase equilibrium, mixture properties, mixture equilibrium, reaction equilibrium and interfacial equilibrium.
The concepts covered by this subject provide the fundamental basis for chemical and process engineering and are utilised throughout all sectors of industry by engineers. This subject provides students with the ability to perform detailed calculations of complex systems to predict the performance of process unit operations, to aid in their design and operation.
This subject focuses on the definitions and applications of the laws of thermodynamics, especially the implications of entropy and equilibrium on phases, mixtures, chemical reactions and interfaces:
- First law of thermodynamics.
- Second law of thermodynamics and entropy.
- Phase equilibria of pure substances, including fugacity.
- Mixtures and phase equilibria of mixtures, including activity coefficients and vapour-liquid equilibrium.
- Chemical reactions and reaction equilibria.
- Interfacial thermodynamics.
- Minerals, Materials and Recycling 12.5 pts
The importance of the minerals industry to the Australian economy. Liberation, size reduction, size separation and concentration separations in minerals processing. Extractive metallurgy, including hydrometallurgy and pyrometallurgy. Aspects of physico-chemical principles of mineral separation processes to produce metals and ceramic products from ores as well as recycled materials and consumer products. The influence of interatomic bonding and material atomic structure on material behaviour. Phase diagrams and equilibria as well as material mechanical, electrical and magnetic properties will be covered. The process of developing material selection criteria and selecting materials for particular applications will be presented. The systems approach to recycling of products, process sustainability and environmental considerations.
Understand: why recycling makes sense; mineral processing separation concepts; processing-structure-property relationships; atomic bonding and atomic scale structure in materials; thermodynamic basis for phase equilibria; influence of material properties on recyclability; influence of recycling on material purity and properties.
Know how to design mineral separation processes; use phase diagrams; derive a number of material properties based upon atomic bonding and atomic scale structure.
Be familiar with: similarities and differences in mineral processing and recycling; equipment used in size reduction and separation and concentration separations; extractive metallurgy; typical minerals processing and metals production processes; typical properties of metals, polymers, ceramics and semiconductors; influence of materials on society; influence of microstructure on material properties; mechanical, electrical, magnetic, optical and thermal properties of materials; typical material processing; be able to select materials for particular applications.
- Particle Mechanics and Processing 12.5 pts
This subject covers many of the aspects related to powder and suspension processing. Initially, the student learns how to describe particles and systems of particles in terms of size, shape and distribution, followed by understanding the basic mechanics of fluid flow around particles. This knowledge is used as the basis for designing unit operations associated with powders and suspensions, including particle classification, particle breakage (comminution) and agglomeration, solid-liquid separation through filtration, centrifugation and thickening, packed beds and fluidisation, flotation and powder storage in hoppers.
The combination and variety of topics in this subject provides students with an appreciation of particulate processing. This knowledge is vital for numerous industries including (but not limited to) mineral processing, potable water treatment, wastewater treatment, food and pharmaceuticals.
- Particle size and measurement of particle size, shape factors, differential and cumulative distributions, mean size, median size and surface area
- Generalised description of separation and classification efficiency based on particle size, density and composition. Hydrocyclones, screens and data reconciliation for particulate separators, including the two product formula
- Comminution, Bond work index, matrix description of size reduction and milling circuit simulation, comminution circuits and liberation of particles from composite particles
- Flow properties of solids, design of bins and hoppers, mass and channel flow
- Solid-liquid separation including flocculation processes, gravity sedimentation, clarification, thickening and pressure filtration
- Motion of particles in fluids, fluidisation, minimum fluidisation velocity and bed expansion, flow of fluids through granular beds.
- Chemical Engineering Internship 25 pts
Candidates will undertake as individuals or as a member of a team a designated investigative project, or a professional work experience, with a suitable industry partner. This work could involve critical analysis of a topic, experimental research and/or development, theoretical modelling, process simulation and/or the solution of an industrial problem. Rigorous planning and scheduling of the project, time management, written and verbal technical communication, interpretation of results and team work will be required. Working off campus may be also be required, depending on the project.
The exact content covered in the subject will depend to some extent on the nature of the industry project. Topics covered will most probably include literature searches, site safety, risk assessment, engineering analysis, modelling and design and report writing.
Students will undertake seminars covering topics that will include professional standards of behaviour and ethical conduct, working in teams, time management and workplace networking.
This subject has been integrated with the Skills Towards Employment Program (STEP) and contains activities that can assist in the completion of the Engineering Practice Hurdle (EPH).
- Research Methods 12.5 pts
The aim of engineering and scientific research is to produce new knowledge. To be useful, new knowledge must be able to stand up to scrutiny, and its presentation to other researchers and/or to the public must be persuasive.
This subject is an introduction to the processes of research as they apply to chemical and biochemical engineering, including chemical and biological safety and risk assessment, locating and critically analysing relevant literature, designing experiments, analysing data, writing papers, writing research proposals giving presentations and refereeing. Underlying all of these, the subject will foster the development of critical thinking, a sceptical, scientific perspective, and professional ethics.
Topics covered include safety and risk assessments. Training in databases such as Web of Science and Scifinder scholar. Scientific ethics. Research impact measures and methods to maximise impact. Statistical analysis of data and proper reporting of data. Methods for scientific presentations; how to present engaging and entertaining scientific presentations. Guide to writing research proposals. Critically evaluating scientific manuscripts.
- Concrete Design and Technology 12.5 pts
This subject introduces the students to advanced modelling techniques for concrete structures, and to the design and analysis of pre-stressed concrete structures with applications to both buildings and bridges. It builds on knowledge from CVEN90049 Structural Theory and Design 2, in particular the section on the fundamental behaviour of reinforced concrete structural elements when subjected to flexure, axial load and shear. Students will be introduced to strut-and-tie modelling which is used in the analysis and design of complex regions in concrete elements where simple flexural behaviour is disrupted, and also to deformation modelling for reinforced concrete elements which highlights the importance of ductility in these elements. This subject will also introduce advanced concrete technology with discussion of high strength concrete, deterioration mechanisms and the design for durable concrete structures. Students who complete this specialist subject are likely to find employment in design consultancy or concrete construction companies and work under the supervision of a senior engineer.
Partially prestressed concrete beams: Properties of prestressing steel and types of prestressing systems; Sectional behaviour at service load level, equivalent load concept and load balancing; Creep and shrinkage in concrete; Estimation of prestress losses, deflection and amount of cracking; Indeterminate structures; Anchorages; Applications to building and bridge construction; Applications to precast concrete structures; Deformation modelling; Strut-and-tie modelling; High strength concrete; Design against physical and chemical attack of concrete structures.
- Earthquake Resistant Design of Buildings 12.5 pts
This subject introduces the fundamental concepts and practice of earthquake resistant design of buildings from an international perspective, incorporating consideration of design in regions of low to moderate seismicity such as Australia and in regions of high seismicity. The design of economically and environmentally feasible structures that can successfully withstand the forces and displacements generated by severe ground motions is a challenge demanding the best in structural engineering art and science. This subject builds on knowledge of Risk Analysis, Engineering Mathematics, Dynamics, and Structural Theory and Design to allow candidates to work as a supervised graduate engineer in this specialised area of practice.
Topics covered include plate tectonics and seismicity, structural response to earthquake ground motions, design philosophy and design applications to buildings, assessment and retrofitting of existing buildings, and performance of non-structural components and building contents.
- Structural Theory and Design 2 12.5 pts
This subject introduces more advanced methods of structural analysis and design, and their applications to the engineering of reinforced concrete and structural steel in compliance with the standards. Students will be given the opportunity to integrate the use of different materials into the design of contemporary structures through design projects. This subject would typically be that final subject in the sequence of structural engineering subjects for civil engineering students who do not want to specialise in structural engineering.
Topics covered include: structural analyses of beams and frames by the stiffness matrix method; computer analysis using SPACEGASS; virtual work and influence line diagram; design of thin walled sections, structural design of reinforced concrete beams, slabs and columns; structural design of steel beams, columns and connections; consideration of sustainability in structural design.
- Engineering Entrepreneurship 12.5 pts
This subject is available as an elective in many of the Melbourne School of Engineering's Masters programs. It is aimed both at students who have immediate entrepreneurial intentions and at students who may be considering starting their own business at some point in their careers. The subject is designed to introduce all participants to their potential as entrepreneurs. By developing their own enterprise proposal within small groups, students will learn and demonstrate various processes by which successful new ventures move from idea to launch.
Business modelling, opportunity analysis, value creation, financial management, sources of finance, creativity, innovation, entrepreneurial behaviour, successful engineering entrepreneurs.
The teaching method is based around a structured process of mini-lectures, class exercises, and active hands-on learning by doing. Intensive field research and minimum viable product development are very important to the subject. Learning is further enhanced through meetings with the lecturer and review by peers.
- Design for Manufacture 12.5 pts
This subject aims to equip students with the skills to undertake abstract and concrete design tasks at an intermediate level, taking into account the wider engineering environment and the ability to select suitable manufacturing processes to realise their designs. As a result, students will also be able to modify products and processes to improve their performance.
This subject will consider the design of machine elements and introduce the manufacturing processes to produce these elements. It will present concurrent design of systems and products; computer-based techniques for geometric modelling and materials selection. The impact of variability in manufacturing will be accounted for in approaches to uncertainty in design, including tolerance technology. It will provide project-based experience in the use of conceptual design techniques and in the management of larger open-ended, team-based design tasks.
- Fundamentals of materials selection, shape efficient structures and Cambridge Materials Selector.
- Design of springs, columns, pressure vessels, contact loading, bolted joints and pinned and welded joints.
- Nature of quality in design, Quality Function Deployment (QFD), Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA), tolerance technology, and design for manufacturing, assembly and disassembly.
- Thermodynamics 12.5 pts
There are 2 related, major topics of study in this subject. Each of these topics will analyse aspects of important thermodynamic devices and will then be integrated to analyse their combined effects in selected devices:
- Cycle analysis: gas turbines, refrigeration and steam cycles
- Heat transfer: conduction, convection, radiation and heat exchangers
- Heat transfer: 1-D conduction, external convection, internal convection, heat exchangers and thermal radiation
- Cycle analysis: Brayton cycles, turboject cycles, Rankine cycles, refrigeration cycles
- Solid Mechanics 12.5 pts
This course will build on the fundamental theories defined previously in Mechanics & Materials. Two principal theories in the determination of stress within a structure are energy methods and three-dimensional analysis.
Topics covered in this course will include engineering plasticity, design of pressure vessels and pipes, thick-walled cylinders, shrink fitting, duplex pressure vessels, inelastic deformation, residual stresses, membrane theory of shells of revolution, yielding, rotating shells, local bending stresses, stress analysis of rotating discs with and without holes, shrink fitting, initial and ultimate yielding, fracture mechanics and fatigue, and introduction to the finite element method.
- Quantum and Advanced Optics 12.5 pts
Optics and photonics are vibrant international research areas, advancing many aspects of modern life. From the determination of the structure and function of biomolecules to the study of stars and galaxies; from high-efficiency lighting to innovative display technologies, our understanding of optics relies on fundamental underpinnings in advanced quantum mechanics and wave theory.
The course includes the foundations of modern optical theory, including Fourier transforms in optics and diffraction-based imaging; non-linear optical processes such as generation of white light from femtosecond laser pulses, gigahertz optical modulators, and liquid crystal displays; light-atom interactions, the Einstein description of lasers, and optical Bloch equations; holography; quantumoptics including zero-point energy and vacuum fluctuations; quantum states of light and quantum squeezing; laser cooling of atoms, atom interferometry, and Bose-Einstein condensation.
Students will develop both analytic and computational problem-solving methods, the latter using standard tools such as MATLAB.
- Condensed Matter Physics 4 12.5 pts
This subject provides an advanced introduction to condensed matter physics. The general topics covered are (i) experimental and theoretical aspects of the characterisation of condensed matter using electrons and x-rays and (ii) the quantum model of solids and its relevance to semiconductor and mesoscopic physics. Specific topics covered may include: (i) the imaging of condensed matter at the atomic level and (ii) the determination of how atoms are bonded; (iii) application of imaging beyond the nanoscale; (iv) magnetism; (v) superconductivity; (vi) the properties of semiconductor devices and (vii) mesoscopic systems.